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5 Tips for Men's Health Month: Recommended Health Screenings by Age

June 03, 2024

5 Tips for Men's Health Month: Recommended Health Screenings by Age


As we step into Men’s Health Month, it’s crucial to spotlight the importance of regular health screenings. Often, men neglect their health, putting off routine check-ups and routine screenings that could catch issues early. This Men’s Health Month, let’s change that narrative by diving into the essential health screenings recommended for men at various stages of life.

Table of Contents


Man at the doctor's office getting a health screening

Why Health Screenings Matter

Regular health screenings are a cornerstone of preventive health care. Screening tests help identify potential health issues before they become serious, allowing for early intervention and better management. For men, in particular, these screenings can address specific health risks like cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and metabolic disorders. Prioritizing these check-ups can lead to a healthier, longer life.


Men aged 20 to 29

1. Health Screenings for Men in Their 20s

Cholesterol Check

While cardiovascular diseases may seem a distant concern in your 20s, this is the perfect time to establish a baseline for your cholesterol levels. Routine screenings often include measuring body mass index (BMI) to assess overall health. High cholesterol can start early and lead to problems later on. A simple blood test can give you and your doctor vital information about your heart health.

Understanding Cholesterol Levels

Cholesterol is a type of fat found in your blood. Your body needs cholesterol to build healthy cells, but high levels of cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease. There are two main types of cholesterol to be aware of:

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): Often called "bad" cholesterol, high levels can lead to a buildup of cholesterol in your arteries.

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL): Known as "good" cholesterol, it helps carry cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver, which removes the cholesterol from your body.

Regular checks can help manage these levels and guide lifestyle changes or medications to maintain heart health.

Blood Pressure Screening

High blood pressure often has no symptoms but can cause significant damage over time, leading to heart disease and stroke. Comparing test results over time is crucial to monitor health and identify potential issues early. Regular blood pressure checks are essential, especially if there’s a family history of hypertension.

The Silent Killer

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is called the "silent killer" because it often has no warning signs or symptoms. Regular screenings can catch this condition early. Normal blood pressure is usually less than 120/80 mm Hg. Lifestyle changes like reducing salt intake, maintaining a healthy weight, and regular exercise can help keep blood pressure in check.

STD Testing

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a concern for sexually active men. Healthcare research, including efforts by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, plays a vital role in developing effective screening tests for STDs. Regular screening is crucial to catch any infections early and to ensure they are treated promptly, maintaining both your health and that of your partners.

Common STDs and Their Symptoms

Some common STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV. Symptoms can vary widely, from sores and discharge to no symptoms at all. Regular testing, especially when you have new or multiple partners, is essential. Early detection can prevent complications and the spread of these diseases.

Mental Health Screening

Though not often discussed, mental health is critical. Early detection of mental health conditions can lead to better management and outcomes. Young adults can experience significant stress from education, starting a career, or relationships. Early screening for mental health issues like depression or anxiety can help manage these conditions effectively.

Importance of Mental Health in Your 20s

Your 20s can be a tumultuous time, with many transitions and new responsibilities. Mental health screenings can identify early signs of conditions such as depression, anxiety, and other mental health disorders. Addressing these issues early with the help of a professional can lead to better outcomes and a healthier mental state.


Men aged 30 to 39

2. Health Screenings for Men in Their 30s

Diabetes Screening

Type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosed in younger adults. If you have risk factors such as being overweight, having a sedentary lifestyle, or a family history of diabetes, a blood glucose test is recommended.

Understanding Diabetes Risk

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. Risk factors include:

  • Obesity: Excess weight, especially around the abdomen, increases the risk.

  • Family history: Having a parent or sibling with diabetes increases your risk.

  • Sedentary lifestyle: Lack of physical activity contributes to the condition. Regular screening and early detection can prevent the progression to full-blown diabetes through lifestyle changes and medication.

Testicular Cancer Screening

Testicular cancer is most commonly diagnosed in men between 20 and 35 years old. Monthly self-exams can help detect any unusual changes early. Consult your doctor for proper techniques and when to seek medical advice.

Conducting a Self-Exam

Performing a self-exam involves:

  1. After a warm bath or shower: The heat relaxes the scrotum, making it easier to feel.

  2. Use both hands: Gently roll each testicle between the thumbs and fingers.

  3. Feel for lumps or changes: Check for any hard lumps or changes in size, shape, or consistency. If you detect any abnormalities, consult a healthcare provider immediately.

Mental Health Screening

Your 30s can be a time of significant stress, balancing career and family life. Mental health screenings can help identify issues like depression or anxiety, ensuring you get the support and treatment needed to maintain your overall well-being.

Addressing Mental Health Challenges

The pressures of advancing in your career, raising a family, and financial responsibilities can take a toll on mental health. Screenings can help detect:

  • Depression: Persistent sadness, loss of interest in activities, and changes in appetite or sleep.

  • Anxiety: Excessive worry, restlessness, and physical symptoms like increased heart rate. Seeking professional help can provide strategies for managing stress and improving mental health.

Cardiovascular Health Check

In your 30s, it’s wise to start focusing more on cardiovascular health. Regular health screenings can help prevent disease and maintain overall health. This includes regular cholesterol checks, blood pressure monitoring, and discussions with your doctor about any family history of heart disease.

Preventive Measures for Heart Health

Taking steps to protect your heart health early can prevent future issues. Consider:

  • Healthy diet: Focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

  • Regular exercise: Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week.

  • Avoiding tobacco: Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease.


Men aged 40 to 49

3. Health Screenings for Men in Their 40s

Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate cancer risk increases with age. Screening tests play a crucial role in the early detection of prostate cancer, making it easier to treat. Starting at 40, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, especially if you have a family history of prostate cancer.

Understanding PSA Testing

PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland. High levels in the blood can indicate prostate cancer, but they can also be elevated in other conditions like prostatitis or an enlarged prostate. Discussing the benefits and risks with your doctor can help decide if PSA testing is right for you.

Skin Cancer Screening

Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Comparing test results over time is crucial to monitor skin health and detect any changes early. Regular skin checks, both self-exams and professional evaluations, can help detect any suspicious changes early.

Conducting a Skin Self-Exam

To perform a skin self-exam:

  1. Use a full-length mirror: Check your entire body, including hard-to-see areas.

  2. Look for new or changing spots: Pay attention to moles or spots that change in size, shape, or color.

  3. Note any unusual sores: Look for sores that do not heal. If you notice any changes, consult a dermatologist promptly for a professional evaluation.

Eye Exam

Vision changes often begin in your 40s. Regular eye exams can detect conditions like glaucoma and macular degeneration, which are more easily managed if caught early.

Maintaining Eye Health

Regular eye exams can help:

  • Detect vision changes: Ensure your prescription is up-to-date.

  • Identify eye diseases early: Conditions like glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration can be managed more effectively if caught early.

  • Protect against UV damage: Wearing sunglasses that block 100% of UV rays can help protect your eyes from sun damage.

Hearing Screening

Hearing loss can start as early as your 40s. Regular hearing tests can detect any changes and allow for early intervention.

Addressing Hearing Loss

Early signs of hearing loss include:

  • Difficulty hearing conversations: Especially in noisy environments.

  • Frequently asking others to repeat themselves: Or misunderstanding conversations.

  • Turning up the volume: Needing to increase the volume on the TV or radio. If you experience any of these signs, a hearing test can help determine the extent of the loss and the appropriate interventions, such as hearing aids.


Men aged 50 to 59

4. Health Screenings for Men in Their 50s


Colon cancer risk significantly increases after 50. A colonoscopy every 10 years, or more frequently if you have a family history of colorectal cancer, is recommended to detect and remove polyps before they become cancerous.

Preparing for a Colonoscopy

Preparation for a colonoscopy includes:

  • Dietary restrictions: Avoiding solid foods and consuming clear liquids the day before the procedure.

  • Bowel prep: Taking a laxative to clear the bowels.

  • Sedation: You will be sedated during the procedure, so arrange for someone to take you home afterward. This screening is crucial for early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer.

Bone Density Test

Osteoporosis isn’t just a concern for women. Men over 50, particularly those with risk factors like a family history of osteoporosis or long-term steroid use, should consider a bone density test.

Understanding Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition where bones become weak and brittle, increasing the risk of fractures. Risk factors include:

  • Age: Bone density decreases with age.

  • Family history: Having a parent or sibling with osteoporosis.

  • Lifestyle factors: Lack of physical activity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption. A bone density test can detect low bone mass early, allowing for preventive measures such as calcium and vitamin D supplements, weight-bearing exercises, and medications.

Heart Health Check

Your 50s are a critical time for heart health. Regular cholesterol and blood pressure checks, alongside an assessment of overall cardiovascular risk, can guide preventive strategies to maintain heart health.

Comprehensive Heart Health Assessment

A thorough heart health check includes:

  • Cholesterol testing: Regular lipid profiles to monitor cholesterol levels.

  • Blood pressure monitoring: Keeping track of blood pressure to manage hypertension.

  • Electrocardiogram (EKG): Assessing the electrical activity of the heart to detect any abnormalities.

  • Stress test: Evaluating how the heart performs under physical exertion. These tests can help identify risks and guide lifestyle changes or treatments to maintain cardiovascular health.

Thyroid Function Test

Thyroid issues can start to appear in your 50s. A thyroid function test can help detect hypo- or hyperthyroidism, conditions that affect your metabolism and overall energy levels.

Recognizing Thyroid Disorders

Common symptoms of thyroid disorders include:

  • Hypothyroidism: Fatigue, weight gain, and depression.

  • Hyperthyroidism: Weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and anxiety. A simple blood test measuring thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels can diagnose these conditions, allowing for appropriate treatment.

Hepatitis C Screening

The CDC recommends a one-time hepatitis C screening for all adults over 50. Hepatitis C can cause severe liver damage if left untreated, and early detection is vital for effective treatment.

Understanding Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation, sometimes leading to serious liver damage. It spreads through contaminated blood, often from shared needles or unscreened blood transfusions before 1992. Early detection through a blood test can lead to treatments that cure the infection and prevent liver damage.


Men aged 60 and Beyond

5. Health Screenings for Men in Their 60s and Beyond

Hearing Test

Age-related hearing loss is common in men over 60. Regular hearing tests can ensure that any loss is detected early and managed effectively, improving quality of life.

Addressing Hearing Loss

Early intervention for hearing loss includes:

  • Hearing aids: Devices that amplify sound.

  • Assistive listening devices: Tools that help in specific situations, like phone amplifiers.

  • Communication strategies: Techniques to improve communication, such as facing the person you’re speaking with and reducing background noise. Regular hearing tests can ensure you get the right support and improve your quality of life.

Lung Cancer Screening

If you have a history of smoking, a low-dose CT scan for lung cancer is recommended starting at age 55 and continuing annually through age 80. Early detection can significantly improve outcomes.

Lung Cancer Risk Factors

Risk factors for lung cancer include:

  • Smoking: The primary cause of lung cancer.

  • Secondhand smoke: Exposure to other people's smoke.

  • Radon exposure: A naturally occurring gas that can build up indoors.

  • Occupational exposures: Such as asbestos and other carcinogens. A low-dose CT scan can detect lung cancer early, when it is more treatable.


Beyond screenings, maintaining up-to-date immunizations is crucial. This includes the flu shot, shingles vaccine, and pneumococcal vaccine to protect against common infections that become more dangerous with age.

Recommended Vaccinations

  • Flu vaccine: Annually to protect against seasonal influenza.

  • Shingles vaccine: To prevent shingles and its complications, recommended for adults over 50.

  • Pneumococcal vaccine: To protect against pneumonia, recommended for adults over 65.

  • Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) booster: Every 10 years. Keeping vaccinations up to date can prevent serious illnesses and their complications.

Cognitive Health Screening

Cognitive decline becomes a concern as we age. Regular cognitive health screenings can help detect early signs of conditions like dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Maintaining Cognitive Health

Strategies to maintain cognitive health include:

  • Mental exercises: Activities like puzzles, reading, and learning new skills.

  • Physical activity: Regular exercise improves blood flow to the brain.

  • Social engagement: Staying socially active can help maintain cognitive function.

  • Healthy diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids supports brain health. Regular screenings and proactive measures can help maintain cognitive function and detect early signs of decline.

Bone Density Test

Osteoporosis screening continues to be important in your 60s and beyond. Regular bone density tests can monitor bone health and guide treatments to prevent fractures.

Enhancing Bone Health

To enhance bone health, consider:

  • Calcium and vitamin D supplements: Essential for bone strength.

  • Weight-bearing exercises: Activities like walking, jogging, and weightlifting.

  • Medications: As prescribed by your doctor to strengthen bones and prevent fractures. Regular monitoring can help maintain bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures.

Vision Screening

Vision health continues to be a priority in your 60s and beyond. Regular eye exams can detect age-related conditions like cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.

Maintaining Eye Health

To protect your vision:

  • Regular eye exams: Early detection of eye conditions.

  • UV protection: Wearing sunglasses that block UV rays.

  • Healthy diet: Consuming foods rich in antioxidants, such as leafy greens and fish.

  • Avoiding smoking: Smoking increases the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. By staying vigilant with eye exams and protective measures, you can maintain good vision health into your later years.


Man at the doctor's office


Men’s Health Month is an excellent reminder to prioritize your health. It is also important to recognize the significance of gender-specific screenings for both men's and women's health, such as mammograms and pap smears for women. By staying on top of these recommended health screenings, you can catch potential issues early and take proactive steps towards a healthier life. Make this month the start of a commitment to regular health check-ups and screenings, ensuring you stay in peak condition at every age.

Remember, taking charge of your health is a lifelong journey. Celebrate Men’s Health Month by scheduling your screenings today and encouraging the men in your life to do the same. Your health is worth the investment.

By integrating these tips and staying vigilant about health screenings, we can improve health outcomes and lead healthier, more fulfilling lives. Happy Men’s Health Month!

Additional Resources

For more information on health screenings and preventive care, consider the following resources:

Taking advantage of these resources can provide further guidance on maintaining your health throughout the years. Happy Men's Health Month, and here's to a healthier future!

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